BASKETBALL TERMINOLOGY

ACB: Endesa League and Clubs Association.
advance step: a step in which the defender’s lead foot steps toward their man and the back foot slides forward.
air ball: an unblocked shot that fails to hit the rim or backboard.
assist: a pass to a teammate who scores a basket immediately or after one dribble.
backcourt: the half of the court a team is defending. The opposite of the frontcourt.
ball hog: a player who does not pass the ball.
ball/pass fake: a sudden movement by the player with the ball intended to cause the defender to move in one direction, allowing the passer to pass in another direction.
ball screen: is a blocking move by an offensive player, by standing beside or behind a defender, to free a teammate to shoot, receive a pass, or drive in to score. In basketball, it is also known as a pick.
basketball: a game played between two teams of five players in which goals are scored by throwing a ball through a netted hoop fixed above each end of the court.
basketball backboard: a rectangular board behind the basket on a basketball court which serves to keep missed shots from going out-of-bounds and from which the ball can be made to rebound into the basket.
basketball bench: refers to players on the team who are not actively participating in the game.
basketball benchwarmers: players on a basketball team who normally don’t start a game but may have the chance to come into the game as a substitution of another team mate.
basketball block: occurs when a defensive player legally deflects a field goal attempt from an offensive player.
basketball court: is the playing surface, consisting of a rectangular floor with tiles at either end.
basketball game: the object of which is to get the ball through the opposing player’s hoop the most times to score the most points.
basketball halftime: the interval between the 2 halves of a basketball game.
basketball quarters: a game is played in four quarters of 10 for FIBA or 12 minutes for NBA. College men’s basketball games use 2 – 20-minute halves.
basketball rim: the hoop from which the net is suspended.
BEEF: it means Balance, Eyes, Elbow, Follow Through, used to teach proper shooting form.
bounce pass: a pass that bounces once before reaching the receiver.
center player: normally the tallest player on the team, and often has a great deal of strength and body mass as well.
chest pass: the ball is passed from one player to another player’s chest.
charge: an offensive foul when the person with the ball rushes into a non-moving defender.
counter attack: an attack made in response to by an opponent or opponents.
dead ball: a rebound not credited towards either team’s total rebounds, such as the rebound that (technically) occurs after a miss on the first free throw of a two-shot foul.
defense zone: section of the courtyard covered by the defending team to prevent an attack from the opponent players.
disqualifying foul: an especially egregious foul, almost always involving violence or other excessive physical contact, that is punished by immediate ejection.
double dribble: to dribble the ball with two hands at the same time or to dribble, stop, and then begin to dribble again.
double foul: a foul commited at the same time by the each opposing team players.
dribble: to bounce the ball continuously with one hand.
dunk: to score by putting the ball directly through the basket with one or both hands.
FIBA: International Basketball Federation
forward: responsible for scoring and rebounding.
free throw: an unopposed attempt to score a basket, worth one point, from the free throw line.
guard: one of the three standard player positions.
held ball: two opponents have their hands on the ball at the same time so that neither can gain control without undue roughness and which results in a jump ball.
intentional foul: a foul deliberately committed by a defensive player to stop play, tactically conceding the penalty of having the fouled player attempt the awarded foul shots in return for possession of the ball.
Lob or Alley-oop Pass: an offensive play in which a player throws the ball up near the basket to a teammate who jumps, catches the ball in mid air and immediately scores a basket, usually with a slam dunk.
NBA: National Basketball Association
NCAA: National Collegiate Athletic Association
outlet pass: a pass made in basketball by the player taking a defensive rebound to a teammate to start a fast break.
pass: to throw the ball to a teammate
point guard: the backcourt player who directs the team’s offense.
pump fake: a fake in which a player simulates taking a shot.
rebound: to obtain the ball after a missed field goal attempt.
tehcnical fault: a foul assessed for unsportsmanlike non-contact behavior and for some procedural violations, for example, having too many players on the floor or calling timeout when none remains.
three-pointer: a three-point field goal
travel: To move one’s pivot foot illegally or to fall to the floor without maintaining a pivot foot or takes three steps without dribbling the ball.
triangle offense: an offensive strategy with the goal of exchanging three (sometimes all five) positions, creating spacing among players and allowing each one to pass to four teammates.
violation: An infraction of the rules other than a foul, such as traveling or a three-second violation.